US Student Visa- Check for Study Visa Permit, Fees and Requirements
Every year many students from all over the world dream of getting an education from the US.However,it is not that easy.There are certain legalities involved throughout the process. If a student is not from the US then it is essential to have a student visa for US. This can surely be a lengthy process which is why it is also advised to start with the legal process 7-8 months prior.
Every student has to undergo certain steps to apply for a US student visa and each step differs at every US embassy. This is the reason one had to follow every step and instructions while keeping an eye on the website of the embassy where one plans to apply.
In general, there are five major steps which every student has to follow which is apply for SEVP, pay SEVIS fee, completion of US visa application, fee payment for visa application and attending a visa interview. The complete detailed advice is given further.
Types of student visas for the US
1) F1 Visa (Academic Studies)
The F1 visa is classified as academic studies. Such type of visa is granted to the students who are into academic programs or the programs related to the English language. This type of visa is the most opted and common in the US for international students. The students opting for F1 should keep up the course weight status to full time.
F1 visa also is known to allow the students with part-time as well as on-campus employment opportunities (20 hours every week).
However, the students also have a permit to OPT (optional practical training) after the course or degree completion for at least one year.
Before the expiry date mentioned in the I-20 form, students have to complete their course or academics programs in the US.
2) J1 visa (Practical Training)
The J1 visa is for the students who want to have practical training in the US due to the non-availability of it in their own country. On the other hand, the J1 students have to benefit to have employment somewhat similar to F1 visa holders. Along with this, they are obliged to the same restrictions. This is all done on the given permission of the exchange visitor program (EVP) sponsor.
3) M1 visa (Non-Academic or Vocational Studies)
This type of visa is given to the students under non-academic or vocational studies in the US. M1 visa students do have permission to work during the technical or vocational programs.
The students under the M1 visa should show the evidence in their applications of enough funds available during the time of need. These funds are imperative for tuition fees and daily expenses during the complete stay in the US.
Look out for SEVP approved institution in the US
An international student is always advised to look out for an institution or program which is recognized as SEVP (Student and Exchange Visitor Program) by the US government.
Accreditation or recognition is very essential because it guarantees that the degree is accepted by various universities, qualified associations, and government ministries globally. The institutions under SEVP can enroll the students in SEVIS which is the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System. Also, the university is responsible to provide with necessary documents that are involved to apply for a student visa for the US.
One can get into the study on the States website to know more about recognized institutions. On the other hand, in the US there nothing like a centralized application system by universities. In short, one has to apply individually in every university they are interested in. a student should keep in mind to fulfill the requirements of admission for each university. Usually, evidence of financial resources is asked for.
After the student acceptance by the institution, the university will enroll the student in the SEVIS system. After this, the SEVIS document known as Form I-20 will be sent if the student is qualified for a visa of type F or M otherwise Form DS-2019 if the student is qualified for a J visa.
The SEVP handles international students under the classification of F and M visas. Similarly, DoS (department of state) handles international students as well as programs of exchange visitor under J visa type. SEVP AND DoS with the help of SEVIS tracks and observe everything from institutions, programs to students.
How to apply for student Visa?
After receiving SEVIS form and paying SEVIS fees, the students can opt for an appointment with the US embassy in their specific country for the purpose of the requirement for student visa in the US. The best way is to apply at the earliest no matter the due date of the program because visa processing takes time.
Online visa application
– in every case, the students’ needs to go through the process of online visa application which involves form DS-160. It is essential to be sure of the location where one is applying with all the information as well as documentation to be filled in the application.
The process involves security question and after that, it leads to the actual form. The form has an application ID that will be needed if one needs to retrieve the form. However, some of the personal details mentioned below are necessary to fulfill the DS-160 application form.
- Name and DOB
- Address and personal phone number
- US travel history
- Complete information about travel plans and companion for travel
- Passport details
- Medical history, background, and information on security
- The fact of connection in the US
- SEVIS ID
- Address of US program wished to be enrolled ( should be mentioned on I-20 form)
Schedule of the interview and attending the same
This is the final step which is mandatory to seek a US student visa. This can be online or via phone by getting in contact with close US embassy. Also, it is essential to the pay MRV fee because later its fee number is required.
The whole process of visa application is incomplete without appearing in an interview through a consular officer.
The documents required for the interview are:
- Passport with validity for the next six months or more.
- SEVIS form L-20 with signature
- Photocopy of appointment letter
- Receipt of SEVIS fee
- DS-160 application along with barcode as well as application ID
- Receipt of MRV fee
Required documents for a student visa
While applying for a US student visa, every student must have documents which are mentioned below:
- Valid passport with validity of more than six months with respect to the time of visit in the US.
- Application of SEVIS fee payment
- Acceptance at SEVP programmed school and I-20 form
- Photographs as per the given format
- Non-immigration application a for visa
- Confirmation page for Form DS-160
- Documents related to academics like certificates, degrees, records, or diplomas.
- Proof of enough financial funds which will help in maintaining the expenses of a student during its visit to the US. This comprises bank statements, scholarship programs, financial sponsors.
- Proof that the student will depart after fulfilling its purpose in the US. This could be an air ticket or anything.
Cost of visa application for US student Visa
The applicants or students foreign from the US land have to pay US$160 as a visa fee. However, it is advised to check the latest visa fee or gather the required information before indulging in the process.
Use of student visa in the US
Immigration guidelines are strict in terms of working when one has a student visa. The student visa should have strong proofs of financial resources because one cannot rely on would-be income. Therefore, the income on which the student visa application is based must assure the fulfillment of every guideline in the US.
A student visa allow a foreigner to travel in the US later with permission to be in the US. The individual after presenting a passport, student visa, and I-20 form at port-of-entry the official of CBP makes the rest of the decision. After the entry in the US, CBP official grants permission and stamp or form I-94 which shows the arrival and departure record of an individual.
Planning carefully will provide great US scholastic experience.
FAQs for Student US Visa Process
- How can I pay my visa application fee?
It can be made through an approved bank personally or through phone and online. Make sure to receive a confirmation call or print a receipt of payment.
- Why I have to go through a personal visa interview even after providing all documents?
The main agenda of the visa interview is to determine whether an individual is capable to receive the US student visa based on language skills, academic background, financial resources, etc. This is all done under a consular office.
- Does my course or degree selection matters on the visa process?
Definitely, the student is judged and granted admission and visa on the basis of its academic background. If the course selection does not match with the academic background then there are chances of visa refusal.
- What is the MRV fee?
Visa application is also known as the MRV fee which is Machine Readable Visa Fee.
- What is the process for F1 or M1 visa-issuing?
Both these visas are issued to an individual up to 120 days prior. But however the case an individual cannot enter the US before 30 days.